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千亿体育在线|惹争议的不是体测是一刀切 棋手体测已享“优待”

Wang Jian Jiahe broke the Asian record, but the final did not have her share

王健佳禾打破亚洲纪录,但是决赛没有她的份额

After winning the women's 1500m freestyle championship, the Hebei girl Zhang Ke had a smile on her face. This smile was calm and expected, but lacked the spirit of struggling to win. 16 minutes 13 seconds 26, this is Zhang Ke's championship result, better than Wang Jian Jiahe

在获得女子1500m自由泳冠军之后,河北姑娘张珂脸上露出了微笑。这种微笑是平静而出乎意料的,但缺乏为胜利而奋斗的精神。 16分13秒26,这是张珂的冠军成绩,胜于王健佳和

The 2020 National Swimming Championships and the Tokyo Olympics Qualifying Tournament, which are being held in Qingdao, have soared a lot of attention amidst doubts and discussions. At the same time, the public's discussion on whether "one size fits all physical measurement" is reasonable has also ushered in an unprecedented wave of heating.

在疑问和讨论中,在青岛举行的2020年全国游泳锦标赛和东京奥运会资格赛已经引起了很多关注。同时,公众对于“一种尺寸是否适合所有物理尺寸”的讨论也引发了前所未有的热潮。

Physical fitness is not up to the standard, the first is in vain

身体不符合标准,首先是徒劳的

Wang Jian Jiahe swam first in the women's 800m and 1500m freestyle preliminaries, and broke the original Asian record held by him in the latter preliminaries, but she did not have her share in the two finals. Ye Shiwen ranked fourth in the women's 400m individual medley preliminaries, but also failed to make the finals. In addition, Fu Yuanhui, who ranked first in the women’s 100-meter backstroke preliminaries, Yu Hexin, who set a national record in the men’s 50-meter freestyle, and Sun Jiajun, who ranked first in the men’s 100-meter butterfly preliminaries, swam in the men’s 100-meter breaststroke preliminaries. Tan Haiyang, who was the second fastest...They also failed to make it to the final.

王健嘉禾在女子800m和1500m自由泳预赛中率先游泳,打破了他在随后的预赛中保持的原始亚洲纪录,但她没有参加这两个决赛。叶世文在女子400m个人混合泳预赛中排名第四,但也未能进入决赛。另外,在女子100米仰泳预赛中排名第一的傅元辉,在男子50米自由泳中创全国纪录的于和欣,以及在男子100米蝶泳预赛中排名第一的孙家俊,在男子100米蛙泳预赛中游泳。第二快的谭海阳...他们也未能进入决赛。

In the National Swimming Championships and Tokyo Olympics qualifying competition, after the preliminaries of many events, there will be players who should have made it to the finals without any suspense of their results, but lose their qualifications for the finals due to their low physical rankings. The reason for this special operation is that, in accordance with the requirements of the State General Administration of Sports for strengthening physical fitness, among the top 16 players in the preliminaries of all events in this competition, the top eight athletes with physical performance are selected to enter the final; if the physical performance is the same, the swimming results are followed. The ranking enters the final.

在许多比赛的预赛之后,在国家游泳锦标赛和东京奥林匹克资格赛中,会有一些选手进入决赛而没有任何悬念的结果,但是由于他们的身体排名较低而失去了进入决赛的资格。进行此特殊操作的原因是,根据国家体育总局关于增强体质的要求,在本次比赛所有赛事预赛的前16名运动员中,评选出了具有身体表现的前8名运动员进入决赛;如果身体表现相同,则遵循游泳结果。排名进入决赛。

It is precisely because of this special regulation that it has appeared many times in the Qingdao competition this time. "Ordinary students" with good physical fitness squeeze out the "top students" with average physical fitness but better special performance.

正是由于这一特殊规定,这次才在青岛比赛中多次出现。具有良好身体素质的“普通学生”挤出具有中等身体素质但具有更好的特殊表现的“顶级学生”。

Now the controversy has filled the sky. Only four days before the end of the competition, the physical test became a hot search, became a "stalk", and became a topic of "out of the circle" after dinner. However, does the problem lie in the matter of strengthening physical training and testing physical performance? The eyes of the people are discerning, so targeted discussions around "one size fits all" have inherited the heat and continue to ferment.

现在,争千亿体育在线议已笼罩着天空。比赛结束前仅四天,体检成为热门搜索,成为“茎”,并成为晚餐后“圈外”的话题。但是,问题是否出在加强体育锻炼和测试体育表现方面?人们的眼光是敏锐的,因此围绕“一刀切”的有针对性的讨论继承了热度并继续发酵。

Is it science to ask a swimmer to challenge a 3000-meter run and run with a performance goal? Phelps has publicly expressed his respect for running, and he may even trip when he walks casually. This is not just a psychological barrier from water to land, but swimmers’ ankles and ligaments are inherently soft due to special training needs. If they have to participate in long-distance training on land, they will not only train hard, but also easily appear. Injury.

要求游泳者挑战3000米跑并达到性能目标是科学的吗?菲尔普斯公开表达了他对跑步的尊重,他随便走路甚至可能会绊倒。这不仅是从水到地的心理障碍,而且由于特殊的训练需要,游泳者的脚踝和韧带本来就柔软。如果他们必须参加陆地上的远程训练,他们不仅会努力训练,而且很容易出现。受伤。

In addition, the Chinese flying man Su Bingtian did not appear in the National Track and Field Championships before. In addition to the injury explanation added later, he actually failed the physical test.

另外,中国飞行人苏炳田以前没有参加过全国田径锦标赛。除了后来添加的伤害说明外,他实际上还没有通过身体检查。

Chess player physical test has enjoyed "preferential treatment"

国际象棋选手体检已享受“优惠待遇”

Although letting chess players also participate in physical tests, this is a bit of a laugh, but let alone, it may be enough for other players to envy it just to be treated in a subdivision. According to the reporter's understanding, in addition to a special compliance list for athletes participating in the National Chess League A, in gymnastics and fencing, sports teams have also adjusted the scoring items and scoring weights according to the characteristics of the sports. It's just that on the whole, with more sports teams and more athletes, what they face is still the "physical test paper."

尽管让国际象棋棋手也参加身体测试,这有点令人发笑,但是更不用说,它足以让其他玩家羡慕它,只是在细分中得到对待。据记者了解,除了为参加国家象棋甲级联赛的运动员提供特殊的合规清单外,在体操和击剑领域,运动队还根据运动的特点调整了计分项目和计分权重。综上所述,在拥有更多运动队和更多运动员的情况下,他们所面对的仍然是“身体测试纸”。

For male athletes participating in the National Chess Division A, the longest running distance they need to challenge is 1,000 meters, while female athletes run 800 meters. Considering that there are many older players in chess, the endurance test for people aged 45 and above has been changed from running to 3000-meter brisk walking, and the strength test has been changed from standing long jump to solid ball throwing. .

对于参加国家象棋A级比赛的男运动员,他们需要挑战的最长跑步距离为1000米,而女运动员则为800米。考虑到国际象棋的年龄较大,对45岁及45岁以上人群的耐力测试已从跑步改为3000米快走,而力量测试已从站立跳远改为实心投掷。 。

In addition, despite the fact that a female horse vaulter was lucky enough to win the fifth place in the country (only five people competed in the final) in the national gymnastics championship that just ended, according to insiders in the gymnastics circle, Sports teams actually have different requirements for individual sports such as rings and vaults that focus on upper or lower limbs, as well as for athletes in all-around events. For example, the physical test for the hoisting ring athletes will focus on upper limb strength, while the special test for the all-around athletes will be more comprehensive.

此外,据体操界内部人士称,尽管女子跳马很幸运地赢得了刚刚结束的全国体操锦标赛的全国第五名(决赛中只有五人参加比赛)实际上,对单个运动(例如,专注于上肢或下肢的环和跳马)以及全能项目中的运动员有不同的要求。例如,对吊环运动员的身体测试将集中在上肢力量上,而对全能运动员的特殊测试将更加全面。

However, sometimes even if the focus of the physical test has been adjusted, it does not mean that it is a relief for everyone. For example, in the 2019-2020 National Fencing Championships, there are only five physical test items. As the number of items is small, the proportion of individual items is actually heavier. In order to achieve the requirement that the full score is still 100 points, three of these items will be scored by multiples. For example, the 3000-meter run, which is known as the most "devil", scores three times. For those with weak endurance, not good at running, or veterans, this has become a more difficult level virtually.

但是,有时即使已经调整了体检的重点,也并不意味着对每个人都感到欣慰。例如,在2019-2020年全国击剑锦标赛中,只有五个身体千亿体育在线测试项目。由于项目数量很少,因此单个项目的比例实际上会更大。为了达到总分仍为100分的要求,其中三个项目将以倍数计分。例如,被称为“最恶魔”的3000米跑步得分为三倍。对于那些耐力较弱,不擅长跑步的人或退伍军人来说,这实际上已经变得更加困难。

Physical fitness test, the starting point is to "make up for shortcomings"

体质测试的出发点是“弥补不足”

There are often such things in life. Obviously, the starting point of doing things is good, but something went wrong in the follow-up implementation process, so that the effect is not satisfactory, and it may even cause some misunderstanding and unpleasantness.

生活中经常有这样的事情。显然,做事的出发点是好的,但是在后续的实施过程中出了点问题,效果并不理想,甚至可能引起误解和不愉快。

From national teams to many local teams, who have always regarded special performance as the top priority, since when did they begin to pay such high attention to physical training and physical testing? Sorting out the time clues, combined with the opinions of insiders, it is not difficult to find that the key turning point is the "Notice of the General Administration of Sports on Further Strengthening Basic Physical Training and Complementary Physical Ability" issued on February 27 this year. The "Notice" is still on the notice bulletin board on the official website of the State Sports General Administration. If you are interested, you can take a look.

从国家队到许多地方队,他们一直以来都把特殊的表现作为重中之重,因为他们什么时候开始高度重视体育锻炼和身体测试?梳理时间线索,结合业内人士的意见,不难发现,关键的转折点是2月27日发布的《体育总局关于进一步加强基础体育锻炼和补充体力的通知》。年。国家体育总局官方网站的公告栏上仍然有“公告”。如果您有兴趣,可以看看。

Looking at the full text of the "Notice", it is indeed clearly mentioned that "adhere to the selection criteria of'physical fitness is the ticket for the Tokyo Olympic Games' and continue to strengthen physical training." Among them, physical test scores and compliance standards are also relatively clear. "Determine the basic physical fitness standards for each event. Those who do not meet the standards are not allowed to participate in the Olympic selection. Physical fitness testing is divided into: basic physical fitness test, trunk stability and left and right side strength of upper and lower limbs. Balance test and section physical fitness test. Each of the three tests is 100 points, and the individual test score is not less than 75 points and the total score is not less than 240 points. It is considered that the physical fitness standard is met." At the bottom of the "Notice" page, there is also a "National The link to the scoring standard of the team physical fitness test.

从“通知”的全文来看,确实确实提到“坚持“身体健康是东京奥运会的入场券”的选择标准,并继续加强体育锻炼。”其中,体检成绩和合规标准也比较明确。 “确定每项比赛的基本体能标准。不符合标准的人不得参加奥运会选拔。体能测试分为:基本体能测试,躯干稳定性和鞋帮左右两侧力量平衡测试和断面体能测试,这三项测试每项均为100分,单项得分不低于75分,总分不低于240分,被认为是身体健康。符合标准。”在“通知”页面的底部,还有一个“国家/地区”链接,该链接指向团队身体素质测试的评分标准。

Excluding punctuation marks, the "Notice" contains 2,619 Chinese characters. The reporter did not find out the source of the final list after the preliminaries. But judging from the current situation, the situation similar to the "final list determination" does not occur in isolation in the swimming arena.

除标点符号外,“通知”还包含2,619个汉字。预赛结束后,记者没有找到最终名单的来源。但是从目前的情况来看,与“最终名单确定”类似的情况并不是在游泳比赛中孤立发生的。

In the ongoing 2019-2020 National Fencing Championship Nanjing Station, the competition schedule stated: "In the 16-in-8 competition, no special competition will be held, only physical fitness tests will be conducted, and the ranking will be ranked according to the physical performance. The first 8 players will enter 4 in the individual competition, and the last eight will be ranked according to their physical performance and no special confrontation.” What everyone sees is that the 2019 World Championships women’s epee team champions were blocked. In addition to the quarterfinals, Sun Yiwen and Lin Sheng even stopped as early as the quarterfinals.

在正在进行的2019-2020年全国击剑锦标赛南京站中,比赛时间表指出:“在16合8比赛中,将不会举行特别比赛,只会进行体能测试,并且排名将根据前八名选手将在个人比赛中进入四名,而后八名选手将根据其身体表现进行排名,并且没有特殊的对抗。”大家都看到的是,2019年世锦赛的女子重剑冠军遭到了封杀,除了八强之外,孙逸文和林胜甚至早在八强就停止了比赛。

And at the National Gymnastics Championships that ended this Monday, there was also a scene that made people laugh. Due to the elimination of a large number of athletes in the physical fitness test, the women's vault finals that were supposed to take part in the eight players only made up five players. Even more embarrassing is that the level of these five athletes is still uneven, and the girl who finally won the fifth place in the country only completed a front flip with a difficulty coefficient of 2.0.

在本周一结束的全国体操锦标赛上,还有一个场面让人大笑。由于在体能测试中淘汰了大量运动员,本应参加八名选手的女子跳马决赛仅由五名选手组成。更令人尴尬的是,这五名运动员的水平仍然参差不齐,最终获得全国第五名的女孩仅以2.0的难度系数完成了前翻。

Softball is relatively small in China, so many people may not know that the National Softball Championship is being held in Guizhou. In this field, there is also a situation where physical testing determines the final result. The top four teams in physical test scores can participate in the semi-finals, and the teams ranked fifth to eighth in physical test scores can only fight for fifth to eighth places. For this reason, some team players have joked, "As long as the physical test can be in the top four, the worst is also a bronze medal (this event has two tied for third)."

中国的垒球比较小,所以很多人可能不知道全国垒球锦标赛正在贵州举行。在该领域中,还存在物理测试确定最终结果的情况。体能测试成绩排名前四的球队可以参加半决赛,体能测试成绩排名第五至第八的球队只能争夺第五至第八的位置。出于这个原因,一些团队成员开玩笑说:“只要体能测试能够排在前四名,最差的也是铜牌(本次比赛两人并列第三)。”

Zhou Jihong's physical test: basic physical ability and professional sports performance are both important

周继红的身体测试:基本的身体能力和专业运动表现都很重要

The General Administration has met to discuss and establish a perfect system

总局开会讨论并建立完善的制度

When it comes to physical testing, there are also positive role models, that is, the players of the national table tennis team. This year's National Table Tennis Championships will be held in Weihai from October 1st to 10th. At present, all members of the National Table Tennis Team have passed the pre-match physical test. Different from the recently questioned operations in swimming, fencing, and gymnastics, the practice of the National Table Tennis Championships is to first draw the physical test standard line, and only those who meet the standard can compete. When the game is on the field, the ball will be completely superior.

在身体测试方面,也有积极的榜样,即国家乒乓球队的队员。今年的全国乒乓球锦标赛将于10月1日至10日在威海举行。目前,国家乒乓球队的所有成员都通过了赛前身体测试。与最近受到质疑的游泳,击剑和体操操作不同,全国乒乓球锦标赛的做法是首先划定身体测试标准线,只有符合标准的人才能参加比赛。当比赛在场地上时,球将完全优越。

They all acted in accordance with the "Notice of the General Office of the General Administration of Sports on Further Strengthening Basic Physical Training to Replenish Physical Ability", but different implementation models have been derived. How will this follow-up development? It is reported that in response to the concentrated outbreak of the swimming competition, the State Sports General Administration has held a meeting yesterday to discuss matters related to physical testing is the focus of discussion.

它们都是按照《体育总局办公厅关于进一步加强基础体育锻炼以补充体力的通知》采取行动的,但得出了不同的实施模式。后续发展将如何?据悉,为应对游泳比赛的集中爆发,国家体育总局昨天召开会议,讨论与体检有关的事项是讨​​论的重点。

After the physical test turmoil, Zhou Jihong, chairman of the Chinese Swimming Association, said in an interview that he supported the physical test. "In order for Chinese swimming to reach a higher level in an all-round way, it must be based and specialized. Therefore, the purpose of adding basic physical fitness tests in this national competition is to make up for the shortcomings of Chinese athletes and improve the competitiveness of Chinese swimmers in the world. "However, while supporting her, she also said that she would conscientiously summarize in order to find a more complete approach. "We will conscientiously summarize the physical training through this competition, and establish a more complete basic physical training and physical competition system that is compatible with and closely integrated with the swimming event."

身体测试混乱之后,中国游泳协会主席周继红在接受采访时说,他支持身体测试。 “要使中国游泳全面达到更高的水平,必须有基础和专业。因此,在本届全国比赛中增加基本体能测试的目的是弥补中国运动员和运动员的缺点。提高中国游泳运动员在世界上的竞争力。“但是,在支持她的同时,她还表示将认真总结,以找到更完整的方法。 “我们将通过这次比赛认真总结体育锻炼,并建立与游泳比赛兼容并紧密结合的更完整的基本体育锻炼和体育比赛系统。”

Zhou Jihong's words were fully put in place, and while meeting the physical demands of contemporary competitive sports, they also left room for subsequent improvement.

周继红的话语已完全到位,在满足现代竞技体育的身体要求的同时,也为后续的改进留有余地。

In the final analysis, an athlete wants to take off in the international arena. A solid physical foundation and finely polished special skills are his wings. They complement each other to achieve higher achievements. Therefore, while everyone is watching "eating melons", they can actually look forward to the launch of follow-up measures.

归根结底,一名运动员想在国际舞台上起飞。坚实的身体基础和精细打磨的特殊技能是他的翅膀。他们彼此互补,取得了更高的成就。因此,当每个人都在注视着“吃瓜”时,他们实际上可以期待采取后续措施。

What's the origin of the physical test that baffled the famous generals

使著名将军感到困惑的身体检查的起源是什么